Current Insect and Disease Conditions at KTFREC

Fruit Tree Books

Caution: The observations, conditions, and recommendations reported on this page are applicable only to the eastern counties of West Virginia. Tthe information reported here is to be used for making orchard management decisions in the immediate proximity of Kearneysville, West Virginia. Fruit producers outside the eastern West Virginia area are encouraged to consult their state extension specialists for information similar to that provided here.  

ladybug1.gif (1229 bytes)Weekly pheromone trap data and degree-day accumulations (updated every M-W-F) from KTFREC. Trap data and degree-days are presented - questions about these data should be directed to Dr. Daniel Frank, Entomology Extension Specialist.

KTFREC Weather Station

NOAA Climate Forecast

  • October 31. 2014
    • Have a good winter, folks. We'll be back with disease updates and fire blight forecasts in Spring, 2015!
  • October 29, 2014
    • End-of-season Disease Management Reminders
      Peach leaf curl
      should be controlled in the spring and/or fall with a fungicide application before the buds swell. If leaf curl was severe in your peach and nectarine blocks in 2014, and you made your fall fungicide application to control the disease for 2014, a spring fungicide application will be needed to ensure complete disease control. In orchards where careful monitoring is practiced and where leaf curl has not been present for two or more years, this spray can be omitted until the disease begins to recur. For best control of peach leaf curl, make a dilute application of fungicide under calm conditions, making sure to cover each bud thoroughly. Using one of the fixed coppers for the leaf curl spray may help suppress bacterial spot in blocks where this disease is a problem. See the Spray Bulletin for fungicides and rates of application.
    • Apple scab urea application: A spray of 5% solution of urea (46-0-0) in water may be applied as late as green tip to apple leaves on the ground if this was not done in the autumn (42 lb. urea in 100 gal. water, applied at 100 gallons/acre). The nitrogen will hasten leaf litter decomposition and will result in reduced ascospore production by 60 to 90%, thereby changing high-inoculum orchards into low-inoculum orchards. Moving leaves from under the trees to the row middles with a leaf blower and then shredding them with a flail mower is a good alternative to the urea spray for small acreages on level land (mud, rocks, and weeds can turn this into a futile exercise). If you had enough scab that you easily noticed it at the end of last year’s growing season, one of these inoculum reduction measures should be implemented. If the urea spray is used, remember to reduce other nitrogen applications accordingly. I estimate that about half of the urea nitrogen will land in the sodded row middles, and thus will not be available to the trees.
  • Spring will be here soon! Will you be ready?
  • Average daily temperatures and records
  • Average last freeze date map


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